Make dry flies like a pro. Ideas for tying durable flies that float high and fool trout.
[by Al and Gretchen Beatty]
When constructing a dry fly, making a pattern as light as possible so it tends to stay on the water’s surface is important. That should come as no surprise. How we accomplish this is the purpose of this article.
Closely examining a pattern and determining where you can use a material to perform more than one function is one of the most important steps we will share. This may be important to the fly’s final proportions and appearance, or to simply speed up the tying process.
You’ll notice in many of our dry fly tips that we fold materials to improve some part of a pattern to change its appearance, floatation, or to add our own twist to an already successful fly. Yes, we are no different from you: We like to improve existing patterns to make them better in our own eyes. Do the fish really care? Probably not, but we like to think our small changes add to the productivity of the fly.
The truth is that a dry fly will catch fish if it closely matches the size, color, and general profile of a natural insect. After these three considerations, the rest is up to how well you present the pattern. If you drag it across the water’s surface when naturals are dead-drifting, your chances of success are not very good.
On the other hand, here is a major tip for those of you new to fly fishing: Learn about caddisflies. If those delightful creatures live in your area waters, using the simplest presentation can be the most effective fishing technique. Just cast your fly across the current and allow it to skitter over the water’s surface until it is hanging downstream from your position. Let it hang there for a few seconds before recasting.
And you thought we offer only fly tying tips!
Read on and learn how to tie better dry flies, but don’t forget to skitter your fly across the current when presenting an adult caddisfly imitation; some days it drives the fish crazy, but on others it’s not so effective. On less productive days, you might want to work on your dead-drift techniques. In any case, the following tips might improve your dry fly-tying experience.
1Make a Simple Fold-Over Foam Head
Keeping the tying process simple while ending up with a good-looking pattern that floats is an important part of creating any dry fly. Designing the pattern so some of the materials perform more than one function is an easy way to accomplish that goal. This foam-headed pattern is an excellent example. We suggest incorporating its general design into a selection of your flies, both terrestrial and newly hatched aquatic imitations. Our example is Jeff Smith’s Skwala, but longtime friend Paul Stimpson uses a very similar design in his Klod Hopper. Both flies are easy to tie and have caught fish around the world.
2Removing Broken Hair Tips
We carefully select the animal hides we use for tying hair-wing dry flies. Our goal is to purchase pelts with straight hair and very few broken tips. Even though we are careful in the selection process, we still end up with some broken tips raising their ugly heads in the middle of a bundle of stacked hair. Here’s how to remove the offending fibers quickly, with the least amount of fuss.
3Tying a Folded Hair Head
If you prefer not using foam in your dry flies, here are two tips for quickly adding heads to your patterns. One tip is very similar to the method we used with the foam strip, but the other requires a bit more attention to detail. In either instance, the results are tight, half-bullet-shaped heads.
4Spacing Between the Head and Hook Eye
Have you ever tied a really good-looking bullet-head fly and then discovered you left a section of bare hook shank behind the eye? Close attention to detail, and these two tips, might help with that problem.
5Perfect Fold-Over Wing Length
Getting the length of a Trude-style the same on each fly can be frustrating. We’ve tried many different techniques such as using a ruler, which works well but is slow, to the one we’ll share with you here. We use the simplest measurement tool in our arsenal—the hook.
6Fold-Over EHC Head
The Elk-Hair Caddis has caught a lot of fish for us over the years, and no doubt for you, too. One afternoon, while lying on the bank of a river near our home, we wondered if we could improve on the original fly design. Since that time we’ve tried several ideas with the goal of improving the pattern’s flotation while reducing the overall profile. The Stub-Tail Caddis is our answer. We like tying it with and without hackle. Here is the no-hackle version.
7Tie the Fold-Over RC
One day at a fly fishing show in San Mateo, California, we found a pattern tied by Ralph Cutter that we thought was a great twist on the Elk-Hair Caddis. We immediately added it to our fly boxes. Later, we combined Ralph’s pattern with our Stub-Tail Caddis and created the Fold-Over RC. This pattern is one you should test on your home waters; you won’t be disappointed!
8Better Compara-dun Wings
Have you ever tied a great-looking bunch of Compara-duns, placed them in your fly box, and then later, when you went to use them, discovered that all the wings had tipped forward? We struggled with this problem until Marvin Nolte and Brett Phillips came to our rescue. They both showed us this trick, but we just can’t remember which one shared it first, so we credit them both.
9The Fold-Over Humpy
There are numerous ways to TIE Humpies, and all the flies end up looking very similar. The fold-over technique is the fastest method we’ve found, but it is challenging: Making proper measurements is critical and they are easy to mess up. We made a gauge to help with the process. If this sounds interesting, read on!
10A Hackle Director Takes Control
When we hear the word director, we think of someone who controls things, like the director of a movie. In this case, a hackle director, which is a small device we make from monofilament, controls the hackle on a fly. Here our fly is a parachute pattern with a wing of cul de canard; in most situations, CDC is not strong enough to support a parachute hackle. That is when we use a hackle director.
Al and Gretchen Beatty are two professional tiers who live in Idaho. They also write books, make tying videos, and travel the country giving fly tying demonstrations. Be sure to check out their website, www.btsflyfishing.com.